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The reason behind the development of China's characteristics and instrumentation industry analysis
Technology With the rapid development of economic construction, domestic work this automation system applications showed a sharp upward trend, year over dry set automation systems market, a third of products from domestic enterprises this system duh. 2003 instrument production rate of up to 2 232 this total, the output value of 97 billion yuan workers, sales income of 92.1 billion yuan. In general, this line of instrumentation has made great progress in terms of new product development, product technology content and product promotion applications, instrumentation line of this overall technological level has reached the international level of the late 20th century, microelectronics and computer technology instrumentation products have been widely used, about 15% of the product to achieve the intelligent.
Although this line of instruments developed rapidly, it has made gratifying achievements, but on the whole, China's instrumentation line of this, there are still many problems: 1, poor reliability. Research on basic technology and manufacturing processes duh enough, affect the reliability of some of the key technologies, such as precision machining technology, sealing technology, welding technology has not yet been solved, leading to products (especially high-end products and an unstable ship Reliable Reliability index existing domestic high-end products (average uptime paternity foreign products, compared to a difference of approximately 1 to 2 orders of magnitude.
2, product performance, functionality behind. Existing products in the domestic and foreign products accuracy to an order of magnitude difference. Functionally, the current foreign products relatively high degree of intelligence, through the original interest rate of the digital processing times, better exclusion of external disturbances on double interest rates, improved product environmental resistance and measurement authenticity. The existing domestic product is still relatively low degree of intelligence. In addition, networking products in foreign countries has entered a practical stage, while China is basically in its infancy.
3, product technology update cycle is slow. Update cycle today about foreign products in 23 years. The new technology can often reserves to ten years in advance. And I often state-owned enterprises this is achieved through the introduction of foreign technology update generation of products, the introduction and then not well digested and absorbed, rarely original achievements in new product development. Some new principle of products in China is still in a blank state. Research institutes in the tracking of new technologies, although there are results, but this rate of production of this combination is quite difficult.
4, the lack of use of the object for the development of special solutions. The trend of recent years, and measurement and control instrumentation is to develop instrumentation and application objects closely integrated software products, most Ku provide personalized solutions to the user. Such as computing software, refining process optimization software for unit performance 600,000 dry watt thermal power units, specifically for medical instruments graphics processing software. I state-owned enterprises in this regard has not yet formed this production here.
1, a serious shortage of enterprise 4k liquidity, high debt ratio, credit difficulties, corporate development and transformation 4k technology, product development and production of both normal tissue duh into insurmountable difficulties.
2, from the current major projects demand, large-scale control systems, high-end optical instruments, analytical instruments, laboratory equipment and other products, the products reach the level of user needs, rely heavily on imports.
3, the transformation of rural power grids, residential meter expansion of demand growth significantly, but excessive manufacturers, limited market capacity, product oversupply, few enterprises take this sacrifice quality, lower price pinch the way to seize the market , product failure rates are too high, society strongly affect the reputation of the industry.
4, enterprises improve this economic slow turnaround of any effort is still arduous.
Key enterprises, although households reduce this loss, but there is an increasing amount of loss, mainly due to: "triangular debts" troubled, the interest burden is too heavy and instrumentation products used by pinch material price increases, increased costs, and thus increase the line of this difficulty turnaround work. 5, individual enterprises this poor management, production disorder, a significant decline in all ares indicators and system growth region and the whole industry indicators.
China instrument industry overall level is not high, the specific reasons are summarized as follows: 1, can not meet the requirements of the market operation mechanism of economic development. In the process of development, the backbone of enterprises facing a number of national investment in this product aging, technical personnel loss grim situation, production and management difficulties; number of mechanism innovation, operational flexibility enterprises this is gradually becoming a new bright spot, but most still failed to grasp the advanced core technology, innovation and less, it can not compete with foreign companies.
2, industry, academia, research, and gold (financial XK (House X with (institutional and policy household South machine combination is not formed. Measurement and control and instrumentation is typical knowledge-intensive, technology-intensive products, is sensitive to high-tech development, is a variety of high-tech fusion of complex, therefore, industry, academia, research, government, gold, combined with the organic is very important. fragmentation, conflicts, low-level redundant, it is difficult to create synergy, lack of effective guidance . scientific research of the problem of low yield this is still very prominent.
3, the lack of a strong national research support system. Measurement and control and instrumentation line of this variety, low-volume, long-term and unremitting labor into. But the total lack of current investment and poor investment returns. Investment approach dispersion, difficulty concentrating focus. Fair and transparent evaluation system selection and research subject is not yet perfect. This enterprise neither as fully participate in the competition in accordance with the rules of market economy as foreign, and the lack of consolidation of research resources including strategic investments, new technology the market needed to market conditions and other national strategies.
4, small scale industries, lower measurement control and instrumentation industry output. Not only is the absolute minimum amount, the proportion of the total economy is small. 2003 only domestic instrument GDP gross domestic product (CDPM0.82%, 1.79% of GDP this domestic workers. Strong domestic prices of individual products in this market capacity, but the lack of overall strength. In terms of human and financial resources can not compete in the market with foreign multinational corporations. Therefore, the market competition is weak. This lack of engineering capabilities of large enterprise projects .vwwwcce365.com 5, the lack of high-level compound talents and familiar, proficient in various interdisciplinary synthesis talents, also contributed to an important reason for the gap.
In recent years, instrumentation line 4k size of the economy in accordance with market requirements, increase prices this restructuring, enterprises here through alliances, mergers, etc., to form a group with strong strength and market competitiveness of enterprises in this group, production significantly improve concentration. Thus, China's instrumentation line of this is expected to increase to a new level in the future development.

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